The initial model in CBT was only ABC created by Albert Ellis. Since then the model has been expanded to incorporate the disputation of the belief and then the implementing of a new belief. The next time a similar event or situation occurs we will be using the new belief we installed from the previous event.
Emotional expressions are universal and cross-cultural. People with healthy emotional wellness feel confident, in control of their feelings and behaviours, and can handle life challenges. Working through life challenges can build resilience as we learn that setbacks can be overcome.
These two terms can sometimes be used to mean or identify a situation where the coping mechanism is under threat. One may hear a person say “I am stressed” or “I cannot cope” or “I am anxious about …” perhaps even “I am feeling overwhelmed”. Anxiety and stress however, are quite different. Both Stress and Anxiety can be managed with Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT).